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SpringMVC中Interceptor和自定义filter的典型应用

今天写写老夫最擅长的Java web,在Java web中Interceptor和filter应用十分广泛,今天就写一个在我们的项目中的一个最基本的应用,过滤或者拦截未登录用户访问某些资源。

1. SpringMVC中Interceptor
SpringMVC 中的Interceptor 拦截器是相当重要和相当有用的,它的主要作用是拦截用户的请求并进行相应的处理。比如通过它来进行权限验证,或者是来判断用户是否登陆等等。今天就写一个Interceptor在开发中的典型应用:某一系统某些方法肯定是需要用户登陆才能访问的,而另外一些肯定不需要用户登陆就能访问(这样的例子很多,老夫就不举例说明了),那么我们怎么做,才能做到呢?这个时候Interceptor就派上用场了,下面是一个小例子,供参考:
spring-servlet.xml核心代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd">

	<mvc:interceptors>  
        <bean id="permissionInterceptor" class="cn.bridgeli.demo.interceptor.PermissionInterceptor"></bean>
    </mvc:interceptors>
	
	......

</beans>

对应的Interceptor的实现:

package cn.bridgeli.demo.interceptor;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndViewDefiningException;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.HandlerInterceptorAdapter;
import org.springframework.web.util.UrlPathHelper;

import cn.bridgeli.demo.entity.User;

public class PermissionInterceptor extends HandlerInterceptorAdapter {

    private UrlPathHelper urlPathHelper = new UrlPathHelper();

    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
            Object handler) throws Exception {
        User user = (User) request.getSession().getAttribute("USER");
        String url = urlPathHelper.getLookupPathForRequest(request);
        int flag = url.indexOf("/admin/");
        if (user == null && flag != -1) {
            ModelAndView mav = new ModelAndView("error/permissionerror");
            mav.addObject("ERRORMSG", "对不起,您没有登录,无法使用该功能!");
            throw new ModelAndViewDefiningException(mav);
        }
        return true;
    }

}

关于InterceptorAdapter的更多用法,大家可以参考http://haohaoxuexi.iteye.com/blog/1750680,老夫以为这篇文章说的相对比较详细易懂,除此之外,我们还可以通过自定义filter来实现;

2. 自定义filter
filter代码:

package cn.bridgeli.demo.filter;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.RequestDispatcher;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

import cn.bridgeli.demo.entity.User;

public class SessionFilter implements Filter {

    public SessionFilter() {
    }

    public void destroy() {
    }

    public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {

        HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) servletRequest;
        HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) servletResponse;

		HttpSession session = request.getSession();
        User user = (User) session.getAttribute("USER");

        if (-1 != request.getRequestURI().indexOf("/admin/") && null == user) {
        	request.getRequestDispatcher("/WEB-INF/admin/login.jsp").forward(request, response);
            return;
        } else {
            chain.doFilter(request, response);
        }
    }

}

对应的在web.xml中的配置:

	<filter>
        <description>
        </description>
        <display-name>SessionFilter</display-name>
        <filter-name>SessionFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>cn.bridgeli.demo.filter.SessionFilter</filter-class>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>SessionFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

其实在开发中Interceptor和filter应用十分广泛,他可以对用户的请求做各种过滤和拦截,例如我们还可以做一个EncodingFilter,对我们所有的请求进行过滤,来解决乱码问题,因为核心代码就两句话:

        request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
        chain.doFilter(request, response);

所以就不在多说了,大家可以自己探讨更多用法

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作 者: BridgeLi,http://www.bridgeli.cn/
原文链接:https://www.bridgeli.cn/archives/150
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