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maven打包dubbo接口之最佳实践

2015年12月20日 发表评论 阅读评论

之前刚开始学习dubbo的时候,曾写过一个入门的小例子,当时生产者也是用tomcat去跑的,其实dubbo只需要提供service层接口就好了,并不需要和http相关的东西,所以其实并不需要用tomcat去跑,我们完全打成其他的包直接去跑,这样dubbo接口也不会tomcat性能的限制,而打包可以说是maven最擅长的事情之一,今天就记录一下我们公司的实际项目中使用maven-assembly-plugin打包的方法。

1. 首先在pom文件中,添加maven-assembly-plugin插件


<plugin>
	<artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
	<configuration>
		<descriptor>src/main/assembly/assembly.xml</descriptor>
	</configuration>
	<executions>
		<execution>
			<id>make-assembly</id>
			<phase>package</phase>
			<goals>
				<goal>single </goal>
			</goals>
		</execution>
	</executions>
</plugin>

在该插件的第四行我们指定了一个assembly.xml文件,下面我们就看看assembly.xml的内容

2. assembly.xml文件


<assembly>
	<id>assembly</id>
	<formats>
		<format>tar.gz</format>
	</formats>
	<includeBaseDirectory>true</includeBaseDirectory>
	<fileSets>
		<fileSet>
			<outputDirectory>/</outputDirectory>
			<includes>
				<include>README.txt</include>
			</includes>
		</fileSet>
		<fileSet>
			<directory>src/main/scripts</directory>
			<outputDirectory>/bin</outputDirectory>
		</fileSet>
	</fileSets>
	<dependencySets>
		<dependencySet>
			<useProjectArtifact>true</useProjectArtifact>
			<outputDirectory>lib</outputDirectory>
		</dependencySet>
	</dependencySets>
</assembly>

该文件的第四行中的tar.gz指的就是打包的文件格式,对于Linux用户,对这个格式一定非常熟悉,当然大家也可以指定为zip格式,另外在该文件的第十五行,指定了一个scripts文件夹,那么这里面放的又是什么呢?我们知道打包之后的系统我们要跑起来才能用,那么这里面放的就是对我们的系统操作的一些脚本,打包之后,我们的系统都是一些jar文件,放在了倒数第四行指定的lib文件中,而这些脚本则放在了和lib同级的bin文件中,下面就让我们一一看看scripts中几个文件的内容

3. scripts文件夹

①. start.bat


@echo off & setlocal enabledelayedexpansion

set LIB_JARS=""
cd ..lib
for %%i in (*) do set LIB_JARS=!LIB_JARS!;..lib%%i
cd ..bin

if ""%1"" == ""debug"" goto debug
if ""%1"" == ""jmx"" goto jmx

java -Xms64m -Xmx1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=64M -classpath ..conf;%LIB_JARS% com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main
goto end

:debug
java -Xms64m -Xmx1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=64M -Xdebug -Xnoagent -Djava.compiler=NONE -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,address=8000,server=y,suspend=n -classpath ..conf;%LIB_JARS% com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main
goto end

:jmx
java -Xms64m -Xmx1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=64M -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=1099 -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=false -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=false -classpath ..conf;%LIB_JARS% com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main

:end
pause

②. start.sh


#!/bin/bash
cd `dirname $0`
BIN_DIR=`pwd`
cd ..
DEPLOY_DIR=`pwd`
CONF_DIR=$DEPLOY_DIR/conf

USER=www
GROUP=www

#SERVER_NAME=`sed '/dubbo.application.name/!d;s/.*=//' conf/dubbo.properties | tr -d 'r'`
#SERVER_PROTOCOL=`sed '/dubbo.protocol.name/!d;s/.*=//' conf/dubbo.properties | tr -d 'r'`
#SERVER_PORT=`sed '/dubbo.protocol.port/!d;s/.*=//' conf/dubbo.properties | tr -d 'r'`
#LOGS_FILE=`sed '/dubbo.log4j.file/!d;s/.*=//' conf/dubbo.properties | tr -d 'r'`
SERVER_NAME=""
SERVER_PROTOCOL=""
SERVER_PORT=""
LOGS_FILE=""

if [ -z "$SERVER_NAME" ]; then
    SERVER_NAME=`hostname`
fi

PIDS=`ps -f | grep java | grep "$CONF_DIR" |awk '{print $2}'`
if [ -n "$PIDS" ]; then
    echo "ERROR: The $SERVER_NAME already started!"
    echo "PID: $PIDS"
    exit 1
fi

if [ -n "$SERVER_PORT" ]; then
    SERVER_PORT_COUNT=`netstat -tln | grep $SERVER_PORT | wc -l`
    if [ $SERVER_PORT_COUNT -gt 0 ]; then
        echo "ERROR: The $SERVER_NAME port $SERVER_PORT already used!"
        exit 1
    fi
fi

LOGS_DIR="/data/logs/`basename $DEPLOY_DIR`"

if [ ! -d $LOGS_DIR ]; then
    mkdir -p $LOGS_DIR
    chown -R $USER.$GROUP $LOGS_DIR
fi
STDOUT_FILE=$LOGS_DIR/`basename $DEPLOY_DIR`.log

LIB_DIR=$DEPLOY_DIR/lib
LIB_JARS=`ls $LIB_DIR|grep .jar|awk '{print "'$LIB_DIR'/"$0}'|tr "n" ":"`

JAVA_OPTS=" -Djava.awt.headless=true -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true "
JAVA_DEBUG_OPTS=""
if [ "$1" = "debug" ]; then
    JAVA_DEBUG_OPTS=" -Xdebug -Xnoagent -Djava.compiler=NONE -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,address=8000,server=y,suspend=n "
fi
JAVA_JMX_OPTS=""
if [ "$1" = "jmx" ]; then
    JAVA_JMX_OPTS=" -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=1099 -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=false -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=false "
fi
JAVA_MEM_OPTS=""
BITS=`java -version 2>&1 | grep -i 64-bit`
if [ -n "$BITS" ]; then
    JAVA_MEM_OPTS=" -server -Xmx2g -Xms2g -Xmn720m -XX:PermSize=128m -Xss256k -XX:+DisableExplicitGC -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC -XX:+CMSParallelRemarkEnabled -XX:+UseCMSCompactAtFullCollection -XX:LargePageSizeInBytes=128m -XX:+UseFastAccessorMethods -XX:+UseCMSInitiatingOccupancyOnly -XX:CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction=70 "
else
    JAVA_MEM_OPTS=" -server -Xms2g -Xmx2g -XX:PermSize=128m -XX:SurvivorRatio=2 -XX:+UseParallelGC "
fi

echo -e "Starting the $SERVER_NAME ...c"
nohup java $JAVA_OPTS $JAVA_MEM_OPTS $JAVA_DEBUG_OPTS $JAVA_JMX_OPTS -classpath $CONF_DIR:$LIB_JARS com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main > $STDOUT_FILE 2>&1 &

COUNT=0
while [ $COUNT -lt 1 ]; do    
    echo -e ".c"
    sleep 1 
    if [ -n "$SERVER_PORT" ]; then
        if [ "$SERVER_PROTOCOL" == "dubbo" ]; then
    	    COUNT=`echo status | nc -i 1 127.0.0.1 $SERVER_PORT | grep -c OK`
        else
            COUNT=`netstat -an | grep $SERVER_PORT | wc -l`
        fi
    else
    	COUNT=`ps -f | grep java | grep "$DEPLOY_DIR" | awk '{print $2}' | wc -l`
    fi
    if [ $COUNT -gt 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

echo "OK!"
PIDS=`ps -f | grep java | grep "$DEPLOY_DIR" | awk '{print $2}'`
echo "PID: $PIDS"
echo "STDOUT: $STDOUT_FILE"

③. stop.sh


#!/bin/bash
cd `dirname $0`
BIN_DIR=`pwd`
cd ..
DEPLOY_DIR=`pwd`
CONF_DIR=$DEPLOY_DIR/conf

SERVER_NAME=`sed '/dubbo.application.name/!d;s/.*=//' conf/dubbo.properties | tr -d 'r'`

if [ -z "$SERVER_NAME" ]; then
    SERVER_NAME=`hostname`
fi

PIDS=`ps -f | grep java | grep "$CONF_DIR" |awk '{print $2}'`
if [ -z "$PIDS" ]; then
    echo "ERROR: The $SERVER_NAME does not started!"
    exit 1
fi

if [ "$1" != "skip" ]; then
    $BIN_DIR/dump.sh
fi

echo -e "Stopping the $SERVER_NAME ...c"
for PID in $PIDS ; do
    kill $PID > /dev/null 2>&1
done

COUNT=0
while [ $COUNT -lt 1 ]; do    
    echo -e ".c"
    sleep 1
    COUNT=1
    for PID in $PIDS ; do
        PID_EXIST=`ps -f -p $PID | grep java`
        if [ -n "$PID_EXIST" ]; then
            COUNT=0
            break
        fi
    done
done

echo "OK!"
echo "PID: $PIDS"

④. restart.sh


#!/bin/bash
cd `dirname $0`
./stop.sh
./start.sh

⑤. server.sh


#!/bin/bash
cd `dirname $0`
if [ "$1" = "start" ]; then
	./start.sh
else
	if [ "$1" = "stop" ]; then
		./stop.sh
	else
		if [ "$1" = "debug" ]; then
			./start.sh debug
		else
			if [ "$1" = "restart" ]; then
				./restart.sh
			else
				if [ "$1" = "dump" ]; then
					./dump.sh
				else
					echo "ERROR: Please input argument: start or stop or debug or restart or dump"
				    exit 1
				fi
			fi
		fi
	fi
fi

⑥. dump.sh


#!/bin/bash
cd `dirname $0`
BIN_DIR=`pwd`
cd ..
DEPLOY_DIR=`pwd`
CONF_DIR=$DEPLOY_DIR/conf

SERVER_NAME=`sed '/dubbo.application.name/!d;s/.*=//' conf/dubbo.properties | tr -d 'r'`
LOGS_FILE=`sed '/dubbo.log4j.file/!d;s/.*=//' conf/dubbo.properties | tr -d 'r'`

if [ -z "$SERVER_NAME" ]; then
	SERVER_NAME=`hostname`
fi

PIDS=`ps -f | grep java | grep "$CONF_DIR" |awk '{print $2}'`
if [ -z "$PIDS" ]; then
    echo "ERROR: The $SERVER_NAME does not started!"
    exit 1
fi

LOGS_DIR=""
if [ -n "$LOGS_FILE" ]; then
	LOGS_DIR=`dirname $LOGS_FILE`
else
	LOGS_DIR=$DEPLOY_DIR/logs
fi
if [ ! -d $LOGS_DIR ]; then
	mkdir $LOGS_DIR
fi
DUMP_DIR=$LOGS_DIR/dump
if [ ! -d $DUMP_DIR ]; then
	mkdir $DUMP_DIR
fi
DUMP_DATE=`date +%Y%m%d%H%M%S`
DATE_DIR=$DUMP_DIR/$DUMP_DATE
if [ ! -d $DATE_DIR ]; then
	mkdir $DATE_DIR
fi

echo -e "Dumping the $SERVER_NAME ...c"
for PID in $PIDS ; do
	jstack $PID > $DATE_DIR/jstack-$PID.dump 2>&1
	echo -e ".c"
	jinfo $PID > $DATE_DIR/jinfo-$PID.dump 2>&1
	echo -e ".c"
	jstat -gcutil $PID > $DATE_DIR/jstat-gcutil-$PID.dump 2>&1
	echo -e ".c"
	jstat -gccapacity $PID > $DATE_DIR/jstat-gccapacity-$PID.dump 2>&1
	echo -e ".c"
	jmap $PID > $DATE_DIR/jmap-$PID.dump 2>&1
	echo -e ".c"
	jmap -heap $PID > $DATE_DIR/jmap-heap-$PID.dump 2>&1
	echo -e ".c"
	jmap -histo $PID > $DATE_DIR/jmap-histo-$PID.dump 2>&1
	echo -e ".c"
	if [ -r /usr/sbin/lsof ]; then
	/usr/sbin/lsof -p $PID > $DATE_DIR/lsof-$PID.dump
	echo -e ".c"
	fi
done

if [ -r /bin/netstat ]; then
/bin/netstat -an > $DATE_DIR/netstat.dump 2>&1
echo -e ".c"
fi
if [ -r /usr/bin/iostat ]; then
/usr/bin/iostat > $DATE_DIR/iostat.dump 2>&1
echo -e ".c"
fi
if [ -r /usr/bin/mpstat ]; then
/usr/bin/mpstat > $DATE_DIR/mpstat.dump 2>&1
echo -e ".c"
fi
if [ -r /usr/bin/vmstat ]; then
/usr/bin/vmstat > $DATE_DIR/vmstat.dump 2>&1
echo -e ".c"
fi
if [ -r /usr/bin/free ]; then
/usr/bin/free -t > $DATE_DIR/free.dump 2>&1
echo -e ".c"
fi
if [ -r /usr/bin/sar ]; then
/usr/bin/sar > $DATE_DIR/sar.dump 2>&1
echo -e ".c"
fi
if [ -r /usr/bin/uptime ]; then
/usr/bin/uptime > $DATE_DIR/uptime.dump 2>&1
echo -e ".c"
fi

echo "OK!"
echo "DUMP: $DATE_DIR"

至于这些文件是干嘛的,相信作为一个程序猿不用老夫一一解释了,聪明如您,一定一眼就能看出来了,如果您的shell水平目前还不够,可以先看看老夫的这篇文章,看完之后再看这几个脚本可以说完全无压力。

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作 者: BridgeLi,http://www.bridgeli.cn/
原文链接:https://www.bridgeli.cn/archives/236
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分类: Maven 标签: , ,
  1. 2016年1月20日14:37 | #1

    具体怎么将接口打包啊???不懂啊

    • 2016年1月21日10:51 | #2

      就用maven命令打包,和其他的没有区别。用这种方法打包之后,会出现一个tar.gz文件,解压之后有一个bin和lib,bin里面就是这几个可执行文件,直接运行就好了

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